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Medical Laboratory Technicians (MLTs) are clinical professionals who, under the supervision of other medical scientists such as medical technologists and pathologists, perform and interpret laboratory procedures vital to the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of disease.

MLTs are responsible for preparing lab specimens, drawing blood samples, operating microscopes and automated instrumentation, reading computer screens and reports, and understanding differential test reactions. Therefore, fi ne motor coordination, visual acuity, and attentiveness to detail are essential skills required for basic job performance.

Laboratory professionals work in a wide variety of settings, from hospitals and doctors’ offices to research facilities and public health organizations. MLTs can make critical contributions to health care, for example:

  • Identify viruses, bacteria, and parasites to monitor the course of various illnesses, or determine the cause of infectious diseases (microbiology);
  • Perform chemical analyses, including toxicology, urinalysis, and endocrinology to evaluate conditions such as diabetes, hepatitis, and renal disorders (chemistry);
  • Test cells, bone marrow, and other body fluids to aid in diagnosis of blood disorders such as leukemia (hematology);
  • Perform vital blood bank procedures which are necessary prerequisites for transfusions, transplants, and paternity testing (immunohematology);
  • Study the relationship of antibodies and antigens in conditions such as AIDS, rheumatoid arthritis, and lupus (immunology).

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